Marae History

THE ORIGIN OF NGÄTI RANGIWEWEHI AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER IWI OF TE ARAWA

Ngäti Ohomairangi

The Whakapapa of Ngäti Rangiwewehi begins in Hawaiki, from the union of Puhaorangi an immortal with a mortal named Te Kuraimonoa, the wife of the rangatira, Toitehuatahi.
Te Kuraimonoa discovering she was pregnant, was astounded to find out that Toitehuatahi didn't father the child. Puhaorangi confided in Te Kuraimonoa that he was an immortal and told her to name their child Ohomairangi. Thus Ngäti Ohomairangi came into being, now known as Te Arawa.
When referring to descent from Puhaorangi this Whakapapa is known as Te Hekenga Rangi, and descent from Te Kuraimonoa is known as Te Hapu Oneone .

Te Hekenga Mai I A Hawaiki Ki A Aotearoa
Tamatekapua and Whakaturia, sons of Houmaitawhiti, were involved in a dispute with Uenuku, an Ariki of Rangiatea, over the death of their kuri Potakatawhiti. This resulted in the theft of breadfruit? by Tamatekapua and Whakaturia from a tree dedicated to Uenuku and his Hapü.
This culminated into the battle Tu Whakanehenehe where Houmaitawhiti lead Ngäti Ohomairangi from near defeat to a victory over Uenuku his Hapü . Although victorious they realised they had to leave Rangiatea as Uenuku would assemble enough warriors to eventually overwhelm them.
They decided to leave for Aotearoa, with Tamatekapua appointed as kaihautu. Houmaitawhiti farewell advised to forgo the ways of warfare "...he mate tarawhare, kia hiwa ra Te Arawa e... "
The waka was named Ngä rakau tapu a Atuamatua but was changed to Te Arawa after the ‘Te Korokoro o Te Parata' incident during the crossing of Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa to Aotearoa. Ngätoroirangi caught Tamatekapua paying attention to his wife Kearoa. Seething Ngätoroirangi called upon his kaitiaki to destroy the waka. However he relented upon hearing the cries of women and children. In remembrance the waka and Ngäti Ohomairangi were renamed Te Arawa .
Ngätoroirangi stayed with Te Arawa until landfall at Te Awa o Te Atua. Whereupon he decided to explore inland, discovering Taupo latter settled by his descendants Ngäti Tuwharetoa .

Maketu was the final landfall of Te Arawa waka. The crew settled here and in time explored inland, hence the whakatauki, Mai Maketu ki Tongariro denoting the rohe of Te Arawa , eventually Te Arawa erected a memorial at Maketu celebrating the arrival of the waka to Aotearoa .

The Settlement of Rotorua-nui-a-Kahumatamomoe
Ihengä nephew of Kahumatamomoe settled in Maketu after he had interned his father in the Hauraki district. During this time he met and married Hinetekakara, daughter of Kahumatamomoe. When Hinetekakara was hapü; Ihengä decided to explore and claim new lands to support his Whanau. During these explorations he discovered a Lake he named Te Rotoiti i Kitea ai e Ihengä.
Continuing his excursion inland he discovered a larger lake, naming it Te Rotorua nui a Kahumatamomoe, claiming the whenua on behalf of Kahumatamomoe.
Ihenga also named Ngongotaha maunga after encountering the Patupaiarehe there, a faerie people, being fair of skin, red haired and coloured eyes. They offered him a drink from a calabash, so he named it Ngongotaha; ngongo is to drink and taha is calabash.
Puhirua once the Pa tuwatawata of Ngäti Rangiwewehi the present day Urupa was named after a gust of wind blew a bunch of feathers fastened to Ihenga's paiaka into the Lake. Tanewhiti is named after inanga leaped out of the water and landed in his waka; while Tupakaria-a-Ihengä refers to the boastful thoughts of Ihenga when he passed by this area. These are within the rohe of Ngäti Rangiwewehi.
Ihenga returned to Maketu convincing Kahumatamomoe to return to these lands to take possession of them. They settled at Parawai next to the Ngongotaha stream which.

The Permanent Settlement of Rotorua
Permanent settlement occurred after Rangitihi reached manhood. Rangitihi had four wives, who together produced eight children,called Ngä Pu Manawa e Waru (the eight beating hearts).
His wives were Rongomaiturihui, Kahukare and Manawakotokoto daughters of Marutehe descendant of Tia, and Papawharanui ofWaitaha descent.
The descendants of these unions comprise the major hapu/iwi of Te Arawa, as well as forming Whakapapa relationships to many iwi across Aotearoa.
These relationships apply to Ngäti Rangiwewehi through their tupuna Tuhourangi of the union of Rangitihi and Papawharanui. Ngäti Rangiwewehi is related to the following tribal groups through this Whakapapa;
" Ngäi Tuhourangi, Ngäti Uenukukopako, Ngäti Rangitihi, Ngäti Rangiteaorere, Ngäti Parua, Ngäti Pikiao, Ngäti Whakaue, Ngäti Tuara, Ngäti Kearoa,Ngäti Ngararanui, Ngäti te Ngäkau, Ngäti Makino, Ngäti Whakahemo, Ngäti Tura, Ngäti Tu Matawera, Ngäti Rongomai, Waitaha, Tapuika, Ngäti Tuwharetoa, Ngäti Ranginui, Ngäi te Rangi, Ngäti Awa, Ngäti Haua, Ngäti Raukawa, Waikato, Whakatohea, Te Whanau a Apanui, Te Aitanga a Hauiti, Ngäti Porou, Ngäti Kahungunu."

Boundaries of Ngäti Rangiwewehi
Previous chapters touched upon the exploration and settlement of the rohe by Te Arawa. Mana Whenua was established over these lands through the principles of ‘‘ take taunaha (discovery); take tupuna (ancestral right); take ahi kä (occupation and use); take raupatu (conquest); and take tuku (exchange or aroha)" .
Ihwakeheimoa occupied whenua between Waimihia and Puhirua through take tuku and take tupuna from his father Whakauekaipapa. Kereru Kai Wai from the marriage of Rangiwewehi to Hinekura drove Ngäti Te Aorauru from the lands surrounding the Hamurana blocks establishing the mana whenua of Ngäti Rangiwewehi over these areas through take raupatu.
The tribal boundaries of Ngäti Rangiwewehi extend from the Waimihia stream which feeds into te Rotorua nui a Kahu with the Ngäti Ngararanui to the south of this boundary to Puaruarewa a lake edge boundary point with Ngäti Parua to the east . These are the boundaries of Rangiwewehi ki Uta based around Tarimano Marae on the banks of the Te Awahou River. These boundaries extend to Haraki Marae at Waioeka near Te Puke to Rangiwewehi ki Tai.

In an interview Te Hiko o te Rangi Hohepa of Te Arawa stated the following were the Rangiwewehi boundaries around Te Rotorua-nui-a-Kahumatamomoe?;
"...Now from Te Waerengä right around to the Waimihia stream, that's all Rangiwewehi, a big, very big area..."

The total area was approximately 43,000 acres, which is significantly smaller now due to the Mäori Land Court and the subsequent alienation of lands through the due process now known as Te Ture Whenua Mäori and other legislative actions.

It is estimated that Ngäti Rangiwewehi lost a third of its traditional land base through due process. In latter years The Public Works Act further disenfranchised Ngäti Rangiwewehi violating article 2 of the Treaty of Waitangi.
The main blocks retained by the tribe are;

  • Te Waerenga east Incorporation, 5 acres,
  • Mangorewa Kaharoa Te Taumata Incorporation, 8012 acres,
  • Pekehaua Puna Reserve, 10 acres
  • Awahou Marae reserve 1 acre

This totals 8029 acres therefore Ngäti Rangiwewehi has lost 34,971 acres from an area of 43,000 acres .

On the 20 June 1991 Sam Hahunga a kaumatua of Rangiwewehi lodged claims to the Waitangi Tribunal on behalf of Ngäti Rangiwewehi seeking redress for the crowns actions.

The claims cover Pekehaua Puna Reserve (3 acres) and Hamurana Springs (86.5 acres) plus rangatiratanga over their freshwater springs, also 801 acres taken in 1896 to defray the cost of the survey liens.

The hapu/iwi has also purchased 2 acres in Awahou and has established a legal entity which has leased this block to the Awahou Fishermans club.

Although due process and legislative actions have impacted negatively upon the legal ownership of its traditional lands, Ngäti Rangiwewehi continues to maintain mana whenua over them including all resources as guaranteed by te Tiriti o Waitangi

 

 Fish and Game Wbsite, under maps extraction March 2007

 Dan Stafford, Landmarks of Te Arawa number 1

Page last updated 5 Oct 2008